The Egyptian culture is always one of the greatest cultures in human beings’ history with incredible architecture. Recently, a group of divers have discovered the rare remains of a military vessel and a funerary complex in the ancient sunken city of Thônis-Heracleion.
Thônis-Heracleion once was a very busy city with the largest port in Ancient Egypt on the Mediterranean. This was the place which controlled the entrance to Egypt at a western branch of the Nile river, dominating the area for centuries before Alexander the Great founded Alexandria city in 331 BC.
After that, earthquakes and tidal waves destroyed and drowned Thônis-Heracleion along with a large area of the Nile delta.
Lately, an Egyptian – French mission led by the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM) discovered the remains of a military vessel and a Greek funerary area in the ancient underwater city of Thônis-Heracleion.
A fragment of the vessel (Source: Reuters).
It’s known that the military vessel moored at Amun harbour and sank due to the famous temple’s collapse in the 2nd century BC. Based on preliminary study, this vessel is flat-bottomed with 25-meter length, oars and a big sail. Egypt’s Tourism and Antiquities Ministry said that it was built traditionally and featured Ancient Egyptian construction.
Discovering another part of Thônis-Heracleion city, the mission also found the remains of a huge Greek funerary area in the first years of the 4th century BC. Thus, the Egypt’s Tourism and Antiquities Ministry informed that the Greeks were allowed to settle here during the late Pharaonic dynasties.